I’ve always wanted to write on the list of the 36 states and capitals in Nigeria for quite a long time now. So today, I will be writing on literally everything you need to know about the 36 states in Nigeria, their capital, governors, slogans, and the Local Government Area (LGA).
After going through this article, even if you have not visited Nigeria before, you’ll know literally everything about Nigerian states and their capitals as though you’re living in the country.
- Nigerian 36 States and Capital and Their Slogans With Current Governors in 2023
- State Creation in Nigeria
- States of Nigeria.
- Capital City of Nigeria.
- Who is the 2023 Minister of FCT?
- What is the capital of Nigeria?
- List of 36 States and Capital in Alphabetical Order.
- Nigerian Government.
Nigerian 36 States and Capital and Their Slogans With Current Governors in 2023
|01||Abia State||Umuahia||God’s Own State||Alex Otti|
|02||Adamawa State||Yola||Land of Beauty||Ahmadu Umaru Fintiri|
|03||Akwa Ibom State||Uyo||Land of Promise||Umo Eno|
|04||Anambra State||Awka||Light of the Nation||Charles Soludo|
|05||Bauchi State||Bauchi||Pearl of Tourism||Bala Abdulkadir Mohammed|
|06||Bayelsa State||Yenagoa||Glory of all lands||Douye Diri|
|07||Rev. Fr. Hyacinth Alia||Makurdi||Food Basket of the Nation||Samuel Ortom|
|08||Borno State||Maiduguri||Home of Peace||Babagana Umara Zulum|
|09||Cross River State||Calabar||The People’s Paradise||Bassey Otu|
|10||Delta State||Asaba||The Big Heart||Sheriff Oborevwori|
|11||Ebonyi State||Abakaliki||Salt of the Nation||Francis Nwifuru|
|12||Edo State||Benin City||Heart Beat of Nigeria||Godwin Obaseki|
|13||Ekiti State||Ado – Ekiti||Land of Honour and Integrity||Abiodun Abayomi
|14||Enugu State||Enugu||Coal City State||Peter Mbah|
|15||Gombe State||Gombe||Jewel in the Savannah||Muhammad Inuwa Yahaya|
|16||Imo State||Owerri||Eastern Heartland||Hope Odidika Uzodinma|
|17||Jigawa State||Dutse||The New World||Umar Namadi|
|18||Kaduna State||Kaduna||Centre of Learning||Uba Sani|
|19||Kano State||Kano||Centre of Commerce||Abba Yusuf|
|20||Katsina State||Katsina||Home of Hospitality||Dikko Radda|
|21||Kebbi State||Birnin Kebbi||Land of Equity||Nasir Idris|
|22||Kogi State||Lokoja||The Confluence State||Yahaya Adoza Bello|
|23||Kwara State||Ilorin||State of Harmony||Abdul Rahman Abdul Razaq|
|24||Lagos State||Ikeja||Centre of Excellence||Babajide Olusola Sanwo-Olu|
|25||Nasarawa State||Lafia||Home of Solid Minerals||Abdullahi Sule|
|26||Niger State||Minna||The Power State||Umar Bago|
|27||Ogun State||Abeokuta||Gateway State||Dapo Abiodun|
|28||Ondo State||Akure||Sunshine State||Rotimi Akeredolu|
|29||Osun State||Oshogbo||The State of the Living Spring||Ademola Nurudeen Adeleke|
|30||Oyo State||Ibadan||Pace Setter State||Oluseyi Abiodun Makinde|
|31||Plateau State||Jos||Home of Peace and Tourism||Caleb Mutfwang|
|32||Rivers State||Port Harcourt||Treasure Base of the Nation||Siminalayi Fubara|
|33||Sokoto State||Sokoto||Seat of the Caliphate||Ahmad Aliyu|
|34||Taraba State||Jalingo||Nature’s Gift to the Nation||Kefas Agbu|
|35||Yobe State||Damaturu||Pride of the Sahel||Mai Mala Buni|
|36||Zamfara State||Gusau||Farming is Our Pride||Dauda Lawal|
State Creation in Nigeria
When Nigeria got their independence from Great Britain on October 1, 1960, Nigeria had three (3) regions, namely:
- Northern Region.
- Western Region.
- Eastern Region.
However, a mere three years later (precisely in 1963) a new region was added, called the Mid-Western Region. The Mid-Western region was separated from the Western Region.
Four years later in 1967, the regions were replaced by 12 states, through a military decree by the then Head of State, General Yakubu Gowon. This means that the term “States” was created and introduced by General Yakubo Gowon.
Fast-forward 9 years later, in 1976, seven new states were created by military decree by the then Head of State General Murtala Mohammed, bringing the total number of states in Nigeria to Nineteen (19), including the Federal Capital Territory, FCT Abuja.
In 1987, the military President of Nigeria, General Ibrahim Babangida created an additional two new states, which are Akwa Ibom State and Kastina State. Akwa Ibom State was created from Cross River State, while Kastina State was craved out from Kaduna State, bringing the number of Nigeria states in 1987 to 21 States.
Four years later (1991), General Babangida created nine (9) more states, bringing the total number of Nigerian states to thirty (30).
The creation of states in Nigeria ended in 1996, when the then military Head of State, General Ibrahim Abacha created six more states, bringing the total number to 36 states, To this day, no state has been created again.
Here’s a table showing how Nigerian states were created, the year of creation and which state they were carved from.
|1960 – 1963 (4 Regions)||1967 (12 States)||1976 (19 States)|
|MID WESTERN REGION||
|1976 (19 States)||1987 (21 States)||1991 (30 States)||1996 (36 States)|
States of Nigeria.
Before sharing the 36 states of Nigeria, let’s take a little stroll into the history of Nigeria. Nigeria as a country is a federation made up of 36 states. Each of the thirty-six (36) states is a semi-autonomous political unit, where the state and its current government (made up of state governors, House of Assembly, LGA chairperson, etc.) share powers with the federal government. According to an agreement under the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
Each of the 36 states is subdivided into local government areas (LGAs), which means that each state is made up of Local government areas (LGAs). Nigeria has a total of seven hundred and seventy-four (774) local governments.
Under the Nigerian constitution, none of the 36 states have bigger power than the other. To the federal government, each of the 36 states of Nigeria are co-equal and none is supreme over the other. Sovereignty resides with the federal government.
However, when it comes to amending/changing/editing the constitution, this can only be achieved by the National Assembly, although each amendment must be ratified by two-thirds of the 36 states of the federation.
Capital City of Nigeria.
The Federal Capital Territory (FCT) is the capital territory of Nigeria, and this is where the capital city of Abuja is situated. Take note that the FCT is not a state, rather, it is a territory owned and controlled by the Federal Government, administered by Ministers of Government appointed by the President who supervises the administration of the territory.
Note that the Nigerian Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja land today was carved out of these four states, namely: Kwara, Niger, Kaduna and Plateau States. However, the bulk of the FCT Abuja landmass was carved out of Niger State.
Who is the 2023 Minister of FCT?
The current Minister of Abuja Federal Capital Territory (FCT) is Nyesom Wike.
What is the capital of Nigeria?
The national capital of Nigeria is Abuja, in the Federal Capital Territory, which was created by decree in 1976.
List of 36 States and Capital in Alphabetical Order.
- Abia (Umuahia)
- Adamawa (Yola)
- Akwa Ibom (Uyo)
- Anambra (Awka)
- Bauchi (Bauchi)
- Bayelsa (Yenagoa)
- Benue (Makurdi)
- Borno (Maiduguri)
- Cross River (Calabar)
- Delta (Asaba)
- Ebonyi (Abakaliki)
- Edo (Benin City)
- Ekiti (Ado-Ekiti)
- Enugu (Enugu)
- Gombe (Gombe)
- Imo (Owerri)
- Jigawa (Dutse)
- Kaduna (Kaduna)
- Kano (Kano)
- Katsina (Katsina)
- Kebbi (Birnin Kebbi)
- Kogi (Lokoja)
- Kwara (Ilorin)
- Lagos (Ikeja)
- Nasarawa (Lafia)
- Niger (Minna)
- Ogun (Abeokuta)
- Ondo (Akure)
- Osun (Osogbo)
- Oyo (Ibadan)
- Plateau (Jos)
- Rivers (Port Harcourt)
- Sokoto (Sokoto)
- Taraba (Jalingo)
- Yobe (Damaturu)
- Zamfara (Guasau).
As a sovereign nation, each state of Nigeria is given the power and right through its state government to organize and structure their individual governments in any way within the parameters set by the Constitution of Nigeria.
At the state level, the legislature only has a singular legislative chamber. The number of each state’s Legislature members should be equal to three times the number of legislators the state has in the Federal House of Representatives. The state legislature has the power to legislate on matters on the concurrent list.
We are still discussing states in Nigeria. When it comes to executives at the state level, the head of the executive is the democratically elected governor of the state, who has the power to appoint people to the state executive council, subject to the advice and consent of the state house of assembly (legislature).
Unlike at the federal level where the head of a state is called a Minister, while at the state level, the head of a ministry is called a commissioner, who is assisted by a permanent secretary, who is also a senior civil servant of the state.
At the state level, the Judiciary is in co-equal arm of the state government concerned with the interpretation of the laws of the state government. The judiciary is headed by the chief justice of the state, and the Chief Justice of the state must be appointed by the governor. However, the approval of the Chief Justice of the state who has been recommended for that position by the government must be endorsed by the state house of assembly.